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ContentsContentsFOREWORD 04i. INTRODUCTION 06ii. USING THE PROTOCOL 10a) Purpose 10 b) Audience 10 c) What is the Protocol 11 d) Future use 12PART I: SEXUAL VIOLENCE 141. UNDERSTANDING SEXUAL VIOLENCE 151.1 Contextualising sexual violence 151.2 Responding to sexual violence 162. SEXUAL VIOLENCE AS A CRIME UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW 162.1 Background 162.2 General definitions of crimes of sexual violence 152.3 Part A: Specific crimes of sexual violence or crimes which may 18be committed through sexualised violence: “what happened?”2.4 Part B: Contextual elements of international crimes: “what was 23the context in which (the act of sexual violence) happened”?(i) Sexual violence as a war crime or a violation of the 23laws and customs of war(ii) Sexual violence as a crime against humanity 24 (iii) Sexual violence as genocide 242.5 Part C: Modes of liability for commission of international crimes: 24 “how is the alleged perpetrator(s) responsible for that act ofsexual violence as a crime against international law?”PART 2: DOCUMENTATION IN PRACTICE 28 3. PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS 293.1 Do No Harm 293.2 Training 293.3 Assessments 30(i) Research 30(ii) Risk assessments 303.4 Overall planning 354. KEY PLANNING TOPICS 364.1 Coordination 36 4.2 Interpretation 38 4.3 Organising information 40

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